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Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
Groovestem Indian Plantain, Indian Plantain, Prairie Plantain, Prairie Indian Plantain
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Cacalia paniculata, Cacalia plantaginea, Cacalia pteranthes, Cacalia tuberosa, Mesadenia tuberosa
USDA Symbol: ARPL4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire , Lobed , Serrulate
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , MS , NE , OH , OK , SD , TN , TX , WI
Native Distribution: Prefers rich, moist soil in prairies, fields and open woods. Occurs in southeast and east Texas to central Texas and the Edwards Plateau.
Native Habitat: Wet Meadow, Prairie, Field
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Conditions Comments: While the flowers are insignificant, the foliage is striking, with glossy leaves that occur mostly at the plant base.
BenefitUse Medicinal: Cherokees used as a poultice for cuts, bruises, tumors and infections.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: High
Value to Beneficial InsectsSupports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 26 - Minnesota Wildflowers: a field guide to the flora of Minnesota (2009)
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Arnoglossum plantagineum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Arnoglossum plantagineum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Arnoglossum plantagineum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-11-23
Research By: NPC